The Gold Rush - Altına Hücum

Yayın Tarihi: 3 yıl önce

Altına Hücum 1925 ABD yapımı sessiz komedi filmidir. Özgün adı The Gold Rush olan bu siyah beyaz filmin yönetmeni, senaryo yazarı, yapımcısı ve başrol oyuncusu Charlie Chaplin'dir.

Altına Hücum 1925 ABD yapımı sessiz komedi filmidir. Özgün adı The Gold Rush olan bu siyah beyaz filmin yönetmeni, senaryo yazarı, yapımcısı ve başrol oyuncusu Charlie Chaplin'dir.
 
Daha önce çok sayıda kısa metrajlı ve iki tane de orta metrajlı film yapmış olan Chaplin'in Woman of Paris: A Drama of Fate'ten sonra çektiği ikinci uzun metrajlı filmidir. 
Bu filminde de öncekilerde olduğu gibi "küçük serseri" Şarlo'yu canlandırmaktadır. Film o tarihte rekor sayılacak bir süre olan 14 ayda ve astronomik sayıcak bir maliyetle tamamlandı. 
Chaplin filme tam 650.000 dolar harcamıştı.
 
1942 yılında Chaplin "Altına Hücum" filmini tekrar elden geçirdi, film için bestelediği müziği ve kendi kaydettiği diyalogları filme monte etti. Kurguda da bazı değişiklikler yaparak filmi yeniden gösterime verdi.
 
Filmde, birçok maceracının yaptığı gibi Klondike Altına Hücumu hareketinde Alaska'ya altın aramak için giden "Küçük Serseri" Şarlo'nun buradayken çektiği sıkıntılar, düştüğü komik durumlar, hırstan gözleri 
dönmüş insanların zaaflarını görmesi ve bu arada aşkı bulması anlatılmaktadır. Filmin en unutulmaz sahnelerinden biri de kendi gibi iki altın arayıcıyla birlikte kar fırtınasının ortasında uçurumun kenarına sürüklenmiş 
bir kulübede mahsur kaldıkları sahnedir. Ayrıca yemek niyetine "ayakkabısını yediği" sahne de akıllara kazınan ve sinema tarihine geçen sahnelerden biridir.
 
"Altına Hücum", 1992 yılında Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Kongre Kütüphanesi tarafından "kültürel, tarihi ve estetik olarak önemli" filmler arasına seçilerek ABD Ulusal Film Arşivi'nde muhafaza edilmesine karar verilmiştir.
 
 
Oyuncular
 
Aktör             /      Aktris Karakter
 
Charles Chaplin - Şarlo, Altın Arayıcısı
 
Georgia Hale  -  Georgia
 
Mack Swain - Koca Jim (Jim McKay)
 
Henry Bergman  - Hank Curtis
 
Tom Murray   -  Black Larsen
 
Malcolm Waite -  Jack Cameron
 
 
 
The Gold Rush is a 1925 American silent comedy film written, produced, and directed by Charlie Chaplin. 
The film also stars Chaplin in his Little Tramp persona, Georgia Hale, Mack Swain, Tom Murray, Henry Bergman, and Malcolm Waite. 
Chaplin declared several times that this was the film for which he most wanted to be remembered.[3] Though it was a silent film, it 
received Academy Award nominations for Best Music and Best Sound Recording upon its re-release in 1942.
 
The Lone Prospector (played by Chaplin), a valiant weakling, seeks fame and fortune among the sturdy men who marched across Chilkoot Pass during the Klondike Gold Rush. 
The Lone Prospector's inoffensive patience and his ill-chosen garb make him the target for the buffoonery of his comrades and the victim of the merciless rigors of the frozen North.
 After he is caught in a blizzard, the icy clutches of the storm have almost claimed him when he stumbles into the cabin of Black Larsen (played by Murray), a renegade. 
Larsen is thrusting him out the door, back into the arms of death, when Fate, which preserves the destinies of simple children, appears in the person of Big Jim McKay (played by Swain). 
Jim subdues the renegade, and he and the Lone Prospector occupy the cabin while their unwilling host is thrust forth to obtain food. Starvation almost claims the two until a bear intrudes and is killed to supply their larder.
 
The storm abates, and the two depart for the nearest town. Jim heads for his hidden mine, the richest in Alaska. Jim finds Larsen in possession of his property, and in the battle that ensues, 
Larsen fells Jim with a blow from a shovel. Larsen flees from the scene and is swept to his death in an avalanche. Jim recovers consciousness, but he has lost his memory from the blow.
 
The Lone Prospector arrives in one of the boom towns of the gold trail. He becomes the principal amusement of the village, a victim of practical jokers, and the target of gibes and
 hilarity from the dance hall habitués. His attention becomes centered on Georgia (played by Hale), queen of the dance hall entertainers; he becomes enamored with the girl at first 
sight. In his timid and pathetic way, he adores Georgia at a distance and braves the gibes of the dance hall roughs to feast his lovelorn eyes. Every indignity is heaped upon him until 
as a last cruel jest, Jack Cameron (played by Waite), the Beau Brummel of the camp, hands him an endearing note from Georgia. Believing it written for him, the unhappy lover 
starts feverishly searching the dance hall for the girl, when Jim, his memory partially restored, enters.
 
Jim's only thought is to find the location of the cabin in order to locate his lost mine. He recognizes the Lone Prospector and seizes him, shouting to lead the way to the cabin so
 that they can both be millionaires. But the lovelorn Prospector catches sight of Georgia on the balcony; breaking away, he darts up to embrace her and declare his love, to the 
astonishment of the girl as well as the crowd. Unceremoniously dragged from the hall by Jim, the Lone Prospector shouts to Georgia that he soon will return to claim her, as a millionaire. 
He and Jim return to the cabin, better-provisioned than before. Overnight, another blizzard blows the cabin all the way to Jim's claim and beyond — half over a cliff. In the morning, 
Jim and the Lone Prospector awake to a teeter-totter experience lasting many tense minutes, before the Lone Prospector is pulled from the cabin by Jim as it falls into a chasm.
 
One year later, Jim and his partner, the Lone Prospector, are returning to the United States wealthy. Yet the heart-yearnings of the lover will not be stilled. Georgia has disappeared, 
and his search for her has been futile. The fame of the partners' strike has spread, and newspapermen board the liner for interviews. The Lone Prospector consents to don his old 
clothes for a photograph. Tripping in the companionway, he falls down the stairs into the arms of Georgia, on her way back to the United States as a steerage passenger. 
The reporters sense a romance and ask who the girl is. The Lone Prospector whispers to Georgia, who nods assent. Arm in arm, they pose for pictures while the reporters 
enthusiastically exclaim, "What a great story this will make!"
 
References
1. Quigley Publishing Company "The All Time Best Sellers", International Motion Picture Almanac 1937-38 (1938) p 942 accessed 19 April 2014
2.Balio, Tino (2009). United Artists: The Company Built by the Stars. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-299-23004-3.
3.1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die (in Swedish). p. 60. ISBN 978-91-46-21330-7.
4. Vance, Jeffrey. Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema (2003): Harry N. Abrams, p. 154. ISBN 0-8109-4532-0
5.Mordaunt Hall (August 17, 1925). "The Gold Rush (review)". New York Times.
6. "Film Reviews". Variety (New York: Variety, Inc.): 22. July 1, 1925. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
7. "Critique". The New Yorker (New York: F-R Publishing Company): 17. August 22, 1925.
8. Shane, Theodore (December 26, 1925). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker (New York: F-R Publishing Company): 29.
9.Vance, Jeffrey (2003). Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. New York: Harry N. Abrams, pg. 154. ISBN 0-8109-4532-0.
10.Dave Kehr (June 22, 2012). "Braving the Klondike on a Shoe Diet. Charlie Chaplin in ‘The Gold Rush,’ Remastered". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-03-09. Chaplin himself gave “The Gold Rush” an “Artist”-like makeover in 1942, when he reissued the film in a shortened version with music, sound effects and his own plummy, voice-over narration. ...
11. "The 15th Academy Awards (1943) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2011-11-07. Retrieved 2011-08-14.
12.In 1959, Chaplin re-edited The Pilgrim as part of The Chaplin Revue, and in the 1970s, he re-edited, re-scored, and re-issued The Kid, A Woman of Paris, and The Circus.
13.Fishman, Stephen (2010), The Public Domain: How to Find & Use Copyright-Free Writings, Music, Art & More (5th ed.), Nolo (retrieved via Google Books), ISBN 1-4133-1205-5, retrieved 2010-10-31
14.http://chart.copyrightdata.com/c15A.html#s206. 
15.http://www.criterion.com/films/27565-the-gold-rush

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